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The Year In Space: U.S., Russian Spacefarers On The International Station

NPR's Kelly McEvers speaks with NASA Commander Scott Kelly and Russian cosmonaut Mikhail Kornienko, who are spending the year on the International Space Station.

Nobel Prize In Chemistry Awarded To 3 Scientists For DNA Repair Discovery

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry will be shared by three scientists for their work on how cells repair damage to DNA. They have discovered DNA damage can lead to mutations, which in turn can lead to cancer.

World Health Organization Posts Ambitious New Guidelines For HIV Treatment

The World Health Organization has revised its guidelines to say that every person infected with HIV should now be given powerful anti-AIDS drugs. But many countries in Africa have struggled to meet previous less-ambitious WHO treatment targets.

Scientists Grow Primitive Human Kidneys In A Dish

Scientists have tried for years to grow artificial kidneys in the lab. They've gotten a bit closer by using stem cells to create an "organoid" much like a fetal kidney. But it's missing key parts.

Reversing Opioid Overdoses Saves Lives But Isn't A Cure-All

Having police, school nurses, drug users and family equipped with kits to reverse an overdose saves lives, doctors say. But reversing addiction requires follow-up care that many users aren't getting.
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Environmental Outlook: Lessons From Israel's Search For Water

For this month's Environmental Outlook: Ten years ago, Israel experienced a prolonged drought that forced the country to come up with a strategy to address water scarcity. What its experience could teach an increasingly water-starved planet.


California's Vineyards Pressed To Turn Less Water Into Wine

California wineries use between 2.5 and 6 gallons of water to make a gallon of wine, not including irrigation water and other needs. But drought is forcing the industry to conserve in new ways.

3 Scientists Win Nobel Prize In Chemistry For DNA Repair Research

Their work details how cells repair damaged DNA and preserve genes. And now three scientists — Tomas Lindahl, Paul Modrich and Aziz Sancar — have won the 2015 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.

Are Big Cities Still A Primary Engine For Scientific Innovation?

For scientists, there have long been advantages to working in big cities — in close proximity to other scientists and inventors. A new analysis delves into whether this is still the case.

3 Scientists Win 2015 Nobel Chemistry Prize

The work of Tomas Lindahl, Paul Modrich and Aziz Sancar details how cells repair damaged DNA and preserve genes.