In October 1937, dictator Rafael Trujillo's soldiers identified Haitians by asking them to say perejil (Spanish for parsley). If someone did not trill the "r," he was likely to be killed. As many as 20,000 Haitians died.
October marks 75 years since a dark period in the Dominican Republic's history. In 1937, President Rafael Leonidas Trujillo ordered the execution of thousands of ethnic Haitians. Guest host Celeste Headlee discusses the "Parsley Massacre" with two noted authors, one Dominican and one Haitian: Julia Alvarez and Edwidge Danticat.
Leaders from around the world are renewing their call to eradicate polio. The disease has been eradicated in all but Pakistan, Afghanistan and Nigeria. Of those three countries, Nigeria is the only one reporting an increase this year in the number of cases of the disease.
In the country's largest city Aleppo, large swaths of a historic market were burned to the ground as government troops battled rebels for control of the city. And a bomb struck a largely Kurdish city in the country's northeast.
The Syrian American Medical Society is quietly providing aid inside the embattled country. Some doctors see a series of "relatively safe" towns along the Turkish border as a place to begin rebuilding Syria's decimated health care system.
Gold ore mined in northern Nigeria is mixed with lead. When the ore is dug up, crushed and processed, the lead escapes into the air and settles on the ground. Children are being poisoned when they swallow lead-contaminated dust and dirt.
Just days away from a crucial parliamentary election, the Republic of Georgia has been shaken by the appearance of a video that allegedly shows human-rights abuses in the country's prisons. NPR's Corey Flintoff reports that the video appeared on a television channel connected to a billionaire who is President Mikheil Saakashvili's main opponent.
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