The U.S. adoption system was set up to place babies, but today the vast majority of adoptions are of older children in foster care. Many have experienced trauma, but advocates say there's little support to help families cope with that.
An experiment that paired sounds with smells suggests basic forms of learning are possible while snoozing. The key seems to be a phenomenon known as conditioning — a form of simple learning made famous by Ivan Pavlov and his dog.
Planned Parenthood in Texas is deciding how to proceed after losing an important case in federal court. A panel of the 5th Circuit Court of Appeals has ruled that the state can cut Planned Parenthood out of its women's health program because the organization is associated with abortion.
Things that most people take for granted in surgery — the use of anesthesia, for example, or the way surgical tools are cleaned — were once cutting-edge discoveries in the profession. Dr. Atul Gawande and Dr. Sherwin Nuland discuss the changes they've seen over their long careers as surgeons.
Simon's Fund provides free heart screenings to children throughout the Philadelphia area. Nearly 5,000 students have been screened in the past seven years thanks to the program, and 43 have discovered unknown, potentially-fatal heart conditions.
Sleepwalking is common among children, and for many, it persists into adulthood. Though it's still not well understood, scientists have identified several factors that can trigger episodes of sleepwalking.
Researchers have found an association between sleep problems among older adults and dementia later in life. If diagnosed early, treatments like controlling stimuli before bed can help and possibly reduce the risk of cognitive decline.
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