Filed Under:

Become A Successful Chinese Bureaucrat, In 5 Easy Steps

Play associated audio

Forget Fifty Shades of Grey. In China, "bureaucracy lit" is flying off bookstore shelves. With the books' stories of Machiavellian office politics, they're read avidly, both as entertainment and as how-to guides for aspiring civil servants.

So what is the secret to success in the corridors of power?

Here is a five-point guide to success, with tips gleaned from the pioneers of bureaucracy lit.

Lesson 1: Cultivate your connections.

A friend of mine is a lower-level civil servant. His boss had a passion for soccer. And so the entire office was soccer-mad, playing games every week, watching overseas matches together, talking about the sport constantly.

All of a sudden, the boss was transferred and a new one appointed. His love was photography. Immediately, all the underlings were snapping photos and buying expensive camera equipment with office funds. Soccer was never mentioned again.

Wang Xiaofang, the author of 13 bureaucracy lit books, describes why cultivating official connections is so important.

"Even the dogs and chickens of government officials go to heaven. Our officials, once they get power, they have power for life," he says. "This system of bureaucracy and power worship has become our cultural tradition. It is inside our bones."

Lesson 2: Learn to compromise, even if it makes you uncomfortable.

The ultimate example is described in Wang's book, The Civil Servant's Notebook. The fictional Old Leader is a fan of the "urine cure." To show loyalty, his unfortunate underling overcomes his own disgust and drinks his own urine for five years. He's rewarded with a promotion.

Wang Yuewen (no relation to Wang Xiaofang) — who started the craze for officialdom lit in 1999 with his novel Ink Painting — describes the tightrope all aspiring civil servants must walk.

"China is a country where the reality is so powerful that the individual feels insignificant," he says. "So anyone with a sense of morality must learn to compromise with reality and find ways of getting things done without violating their bottom line."

Lesson 3: Pick your camp well.

Wang Xiaofang's real life story is an object lesson in the danger of ending up in the wrong camp. He spent almost two years as secretary to the deputy mayor of Shenyang, Ma Xiangdong.

In 2001, Ma was found guilty of bribery and gambling away $3 million of public money. Ma was executed by lethal injection. Wang spent three years under investigation before being exonerated.

"It was spiritual purgatory. When I was going through that political storm, there were three years when I didn't have any work," he recalls. "I had to wait and help with the investigations. It was soul-destroying. My friends were gone. It was very painful."

Lesson 4: Know when to step away.

After that experience, Wang Xiaofang left the civil service and became a writer. One character in his book describes the pressures on officials as being "more than their flesh-and-blood bodies can withstand."

Fellow author Wang Yuewen lost his job after his first book came out. He warns that little lies end up having huge consequences.

"Telling lies, fakery and falsification of official statistics has become a national disaster. If it's not stopped, it could bring about a national catastrophe," he warns.

Lesson 5: Take the long view.

Wang Xiaofang hasn't published a book in two years. He has three finished novels ready to go. But no Chinese publisher dares touch them due to the political sensitivity surrounding the transition of power to a new generation of leaders.

But he's still writing, moving on to his fourth unpublished book, quietly hopeful that one day, the political winds will change.

Copyright 2013 National Public Radio. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

NPR

Credibility Concerns Overshadow Release Of Gay Talese's New Book

NPR's Kelly McEvers speaks with Paul Farhi of the Washington Post about Gay Talese's new book, The Voyeur's Hotel. The credibility of the book, which follows a self-proclaimed sex researcher who bought a hotel to spy on his guests through ventilator windows, has been called into question after Farhi uncovered problems with Talese's story.
NPR

Amid Craft Brewery Boom, Some Worry About A Bubble — But Most Just Fear Foam

Fueled by customers' unquenchable thirst for the next great flavor note, the craft beer industry has exploded like a poorly fermented bottle of home brew.
NPR

White House Documents Number Of Civilians Killed In U.S. Drone Strikes

The Obama administration issued a long awaited report Friday, documenting the number on civilians who have been accidentally killed by U.S. drone strikes. Human rights activists welcome the administration's newfound transparency, though some question whether the report goes far enough.
NPR

Tesla 'Autopilot' Crash Raises Concerns About Self-Driving Cars

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration is investigating a fatal crash involving a Tesla car using the "autopilot" feature. NPR's Robert Siegel talks to Alex Davies of Wired about the crash and what it means for self-driving car technology.

Leave a Comment

Help keep the conversation civil. Please refer to our Terms of Use and Code of Conduct before posting your comments.