German Catholics' Path To Heaven Comes With Taxes | WAMU 88.5 - American University Radio
Filed Under:

German Catholics' Path To Heaven Comes With Taxes

Germany's bishops have a clear message for the country's 25 million Catholics: The road to heaven requires more than faith and good intentions. It requires tax payments, too.

Last month, German bishops warned that if members of the Catholic Church don't pay the country's church tax, they'll be denied the sacraments — including baptisms, weddings and funerals.

In increasingly secular Europe, Germany is one of the few countries where the state collects a special levy from tax-registered believers and hands it over to three organized faiths.

Registered Catholics, Protestants and Jews pay a surcharge of up to 9 percent on their income. The Catholic Church alone received some $6.5 billion in 2011.

In issuing the stringent new decree, Archbishop Robert Zollitsch, the president of the German bishops' conference, said not paying taxes for the church is a grave offense and sacraments will be banned for those who distance themselves from the church.

"In Germany, the church is a community of faith which coexists alongside the legal system," Zollitsch said. "The two cannot be separated."

Many conservatives and progressives are up in arms.

Opposition From Church-Goers

On a recent Sunday, bells announce Mass at the Church of the Sacred Heart in Berlin's Mitte district. A few elderly women walk through the large Gothic doorway. Some young couples with children park their bikes in the courtyard.

Not everyone is willing to talk about the bishops' decree. But one young woman, Matina Nagher, is angry.

She says she pays her church tax. But, she adds, "I think it is absolutely not acceptable, if you want to have sacraments, you can get them if you pay taxes or not."

Sebastian Rus is more diplomatic. The middle-aged man says the church does a lot of good work for the poor and society and therefore needs money.

But he cannot accept the ban on sacraments.

"That's not a good decision to say, 'If you don't pay your tax, you have not the right to have a Christian funeral, a Catholic funeral,'" Rus says. "In my opinion, that's not good."

After three years of negotiations, the Vatican approved the bishops' decree. But it has unleashed a debate even among church law experts, some of whom say it raises very serious questions about justice toward the faithful.

As church historian Carsten Frerk points out, setting conditions on church membership is against the church's own legal code.

"The church law itself has no idea of separation from the church," Frerk says. "You cannot go out of the church under Catholic Church law, because when you are baptized, you are a Catholic your life long."

Growing Numbers Are Leaving The Church

Christian Weisner, spokesman for the grassroots Catholic organization We Are Church, says the bishops' decree carries a very threatening message that raises the specter of the grave sin of heresy.

"It doesn't use the word 'excommunication' — and actually it is not excommunication — but in fact it is like an excommunication," Weisner says, referring to official expulsion from the church, the ultimate penalty under canon law.

The bishops issued their decree as church defections are growing. In 2010, when the clerical sex abuse scandal exploded in Germany, nearly 200,000 Catholics left the church. In a normal year, it's 100,000.

Church statistics show that only 13 percent of Germany's Catholics attend Mass weekly. And, Weisner says, the majority of those who are observant criticize the church leadership.

"We need and we ask for more transparency and more participation in the decision-making process," he says. "It can't be the case that only the bishop is deciding which parish will get money, and which parish will get a new church."

Like Weisner, many German Catholics are starting to resist what they see as taxation without representation.

Copyright 2012 National Public Radio. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

NPR

New Shakespeare Movie Puts Hamlet In Kashmir

Shakespeare's Hamlet has been turned into a Bollywood film, but this time, the story is set in Indian-controlled Kashmir. NPR's Scott Simon talks to screenwriter Basharat Peer.
NPR

Tracing A Gin-Soaked Trail In London

Around the world, new gin distilleries are popping up like mushrooms after a rain. NPR traces the boom to its historic roots in London, which once had 250 distilleries within the city limits alone.
NPR

Ballot Questions Draw Voters In 43 States

Ballot measures cover a lot of ground this year — from minimum wage to school calendars to one involving doughnuts and bear hunting. NPR's Charlie Mahtesian takes NPR's Scott Simon through the list.
NPR

Tech Week: Voice Mail Hang-Ups, Apple Pay And Zuckerberg's Chinese

In this week's roundup, Apple rolls out its mobile payment system but confronts a security test in China, the problem with voice mail messages and Mark Zuckerberg shows off his Mandarin.

Leave a Comment

Help keep the conversation civil. Please refer to our Terms of Use and Code of Conduct before posting your comments.