NPR : News

Filed Under:

When Fetuses Yawn In The Womb

Why people yawn is a mystery. But yawning starts in the womb.

Past studies have used ultrasound images to show fetuses yawning, but some scientists have argued that real yawns were getting confused with fetuses simply opening their mouths.

So Nadja Reissland, a researcher at the University of Durham in the United Kingdom, used a more detailed ultrasound technique to get images of fetal faces that could distinguish a true yawn from just an open mouth.

"They seem to open their mouths widely much less often than they yawn," Reissland says.

What's more, she found that yawning was common at 24 weeks but then dropped to zero at 36 weeks, according to a report by Reissland and her colleagues in the journal PLOS ONE.

Reissland believes that fetal yawning may somehow help trigger brain maturation, by acting as a kind of self-stimulation for the developing fetus.

"It could be that yawning is something which you need in order to have a functioning brain, which is a hypothesis," she says, adding that she would like to compare yawning in healthy fetuses, like the ones she studied, with yawning in fetuses that have medical conditions.

Reissland says she suspects that yawning has a different function for adults than for fetuses. Most studies on yawning have focused on its contagious nature. But some research suggests that children are immune from "catching" another person's yawn until about five years of age.

And Reissland says one study showed that babies don't imitate their mother's yawns, even though babies do imitate mouth movements such as smiles and pursed lips. "How is it possible that these babies can imitate mouth movements, but they don't imitate the yawning?" Reissland wonders.

Copyright 2012 National Public Radio. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

NPR

Larry David's First Time On Broadway: 'It's Not So Easy!'

The comedian wrote and stars in Fish in the Dark, a play about rivalries and dysfunction when a family patriarch dies. Originally broadcast March 5, 2015.
NPR

Philly Preps Blessed Beer And Other Edible Swag To Greet Pope Francis

Enterprising businesses will mark the pope's visit to Philadelphia next month with irreverent tchotchkes — including beers brewed with holy water and toasters that etch the pontiff's face on bread.
NPR

Swept Up In The Storm: Hurricane Katrina's Key Players, Then And Now

The natural disaster of Katrina and the man-made tragedy that followed catapulted local figures and obscure federal officials into the spotlight.
WAMU 88.5

UMUC To Eliminate Textbooks, With Goal Of Saving Students Some Money

The university, located in Prince George's County, says it's a front-runner in making a transition of this magnitude. Students will use online materials instead.

Leave a Comment

Help keep the conversation civil. Please refer to our Terms of Use and Code of Conduct before posting your comments.