The proposal would cut funding for the NIK, headquartered in Bethesda, Md., by $1 billion. The idea isn't sitting well with Maryland lawmakers.
"It's shortsighted to cut the NIH budget," says Sen. Ben Cardin (D).
Cardin has an ally in President Barack Obama, whose budget blueprint calls for a $1 billion increase for NIH. Cardin says the research facility is an important economic engine because it attracts lots of private medical groups to the area.
"I can tell you every dollar we invest at the National Institutes of Health returns jobs in our community...We're talking about job growth, innovation and keeping our communities healthy, but also job growth in our communities," Cardin says.
The Republican budget proposal is expected on the House floor later this week as lawmakers need to pass a continuing budget resolution to keep the government funded after March 4.